Transcribed from video.

Types of brain tumour

A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells inside the skull. There are two main groups:

  1. Primary brain tumours
    Originate within brain tissue and are tumours that start in the brain.
  2. Secondary or metastatic tumours
    Spread from a primary cancer located in another part of the body, e.g lung, breast or colon.

Signs and sypmtoms of a brain tumour

Symptoms of brain tumours vary according to their location and size.

The symptoms may be generalised or localised.

Generalised symptoms are due to increased pressure exerted on the brain and include:

  • A recurring headache that is worse in the morning
  • Increased drowsiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures/fits

Localised symptoms depend on the location of the tumour and include:

  • A significant change in personalisty or behaviour
  • Memory loss or poor memory retention
  • Progressive difficulty with speech, hearing, or vision
  • Progressive weakness or numbness in the arms or legs

This health information is brought to you by the National Neuroscience Institute.