Think back pain only happens to the elderly? Think again. Lower back pain affects up to 80% of the population, at some point in their lives. Of these 80%, 10% will go on to develop chronic symptoms.
The lumbar spine refers to the lower back, which consists of the spinal cord, as well as soft tissues such as muscles and ligaments. The main function of the lumbar spine and surrounding muscles is to provide support, as well as to transmit loads from the upper body. Hence it is important for the lumbar spine to remain stable against the compressive and shearing forces against everyday life.
There are five vertebrae in the lumbar spine that house and protect the spinal cord. A disc - made of fibrous material - in between each vertebrae serve like shock absorbers to distribute the load of the body evenly. Muscles in the back work in synergy so that movements of the body can be carried out readily and efficiently.
Common causes of low back pain include degenerative changes to the spine, traumatic injuries, and even poor posture when sitting, standing or walking such as with rounded shoulders, a slumped upper back or slouched lower back.
Hence it is important to maintain good posture at all times and exercise regularly (such as walking or swimming) at least 3 to 5 times a week to keep your back healthy. Other tips include:
However, if you are suffering from back pain, please consult your nearest GP.
A book written by clinicians for clinicians that presents a broad view
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from acute to chronic cancer and non-cancer pain across ages from
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It also covers the socio-historical, ethical, legal and criminal aspects
related to the use of opioids, and includes the limitations of opioids
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these drugs. For the busy clinician who has to manage pain either
as a generalist or a specialist, this is a very handy text to keep within
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