Strengthening exercises are important to maintain and improve functional strength in the core muscles and the lower limb joints. It also assists with overall circulation and encourages functional mobility.

Safety precautions when exercising

  • Ensure that you had been taught the recommended exercises by a physiotherapist before carrying them out.

  • Ensure the child is near a supporting surface or an attentive adult during exercises especially balance activities.

  • Observe for signs of pain or discomfort – if pain occurs, stop and check in with your physiotherapist before continuing further.

Your exercise regime

Repeat exercises as recommended by your physiotherapist – check in with your therapist on the recommended number of sets per day

Ensure adequate rest and hydration between sets

Trunk strengthening exercises (independent)


Aim: To improve your abdominal strength.

Instructions: Position yourself lying on your back, keep your knees bent and your back and feet flat on the mat. Slowly lift your torso and sit up. Return to the starting position by rolling down on your spine slowly. Repeat the exercise until set is complete.

Do 10 repetitions


Aim: To strengthen your shoulder, hip and trunk muscles.

Instructions: Position yourself lying on your stomach, propped on your elbows. Practise lifting your hips off while pushing weight on the balls of your feet to maintain a plank-like position.

Hold for 10 seconds for 10 repetitions

Four-point kneeling

Aim: To strengthen shoulder girdle, abdominal and pelvic muscles

Instructions: Position the child kneeling on all fours on the floor and instruct the child to hold. You can make the exercise more challenging by instructing the child to reach out one arm while maintaining this position.

Hold for 15 seconds for 10 repetitions

Knee push-ups

Aim: To strengthen the muscles at the front of your shoulder and chest.

Instructions: Position yourself lying on your stomach. Practise doing push-ups through your hands so that your hips lift off the bed. Ensure that your body is kept horizontal.

Do 20 repetitions

Ref: K21

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Epilepsy Exercises: Upper Limb Stretching

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