The heart beats an average of about 100,000 times a day,, supplying 7,000 litres to blood and oxygen to your whole body. During cardiac arrest, the heart stops pumping, blood stops flowing ​and hence no oxygen is circulated throughout the body - leading to death.

CPR (or cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is a useful lifesaving technique during emergencies when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped.

An AED (or automated external defibrillator) is a portable device that checks heart rhythm and sends an electric shock to the heart to try to restore normal rhythm.

Previously, to learn both, a participant would have to attend a 4-hour CPR and AED certification course. Not with the DARE (or Dispatcher Assisted first Responder) Programme - a simplified 1-hour hands-on session.

In this programme, participants will learn to dial 995 (not 999 or 911), stay on the line with the medical dispatcher, perform CPR as directed, and use an AED with voice prompts. Guidance will be provided throughout the resuscitation process, which is similar to what they will go through in the event of a real emergency. 

To save a life, remember these tips:

  1. Check for danger (in your surrounding area)
  2. Check for responsiveness (of the person that requires help)
  3. Call 995 (for an ambulance)
  4. Get an AED (available in schools, shopping malls, mrt stations and airport)
  5. Stay on the line and listen carefully (after calling 995)
  6. Start CPR (push hard and fast)
  7. Use the AED (follow the simple instructions provided)

This video was produced by SGH (Singapore General Hospital) Department of Emergency Medicine and Unit for Pre-hospital Emergency Care (UPEC).