Singapore is one of the most sleepless countries in the world and research revealed that people suffering from insomnia are at greater risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure and stroke. It is important to identify the underlying reason for insomnia and treat it, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) has been proven to be effective. Dr Tay Kai Hong, Associate Consultant, Department of Psychiatry, SKH, shared that some patients might be struggling with insomnia as they are facing stress in their lives, from their careers, parenting duties, caring for their elderly parents or marital strain. Some may be stressed over physical ailments. Mark Kenneth Rozario, Psychologist, SKH, shared that patients who agree to CBT-I and follow the programme closely see improvements. However, only 50% of patients are able to adhere strictly to CBT-I. Working adults might be unable to take time away from work, they may have other commitments and see it as troublesome. They may see sleep medication as a faster way out. CBT-I, sometimes in combination with short-term medication, can help the majority of patients improve the quality and quantity of sleep. Dr Tay and Mark also shared their sleep hygiene habits that can help alleviate insomnia.