With diabetes, there's no need to overhaul your diet. Just follow these simple steps by Ms Kala Adaikan, Senior Principal Dietitian, from Singapore General Hospital.
“Consult your dietitian for help with your daily caloric requirements. This is based on the individual, and would depend on several lifestyle factors as well as your current medical condition,” says Ms Kala Adaikan, Senior Principal Dietitian at the
Department of Dietetics,
Singapore General Hospital (SGH), a member of the
Easy steps for a healthy diabetes diet
Have a balanced diet
Half plate – fruits and vegetables
Quarter plate – starchy carbohydrates
Quarter plate – protein or dairy products.
Steam and grill instead of frying
Your total caloric intake matters! Opt for healthier cooking methods such as steaming or grilling instead of frying. Avoid fats and oils.
Count carbohydrate intake
This helps you stay within the carbohydrate targets that your dietitian has set for you.
Choose wholegrain starchy foods
These high fibre carbohydrates prevent sudden spikes in your blood sugar levels and help you maintain better blood glucose levels:
Oats and wholegrain cereal
Eat whole fruits instead of drinking fruit juice
Choose whole fruits instead of fruit juice. Whole fruits contain fibre which makes you feel full longer and result in a more stable blood glucose profile.
Eat one serving of fruit, 2x a day
You should have two servings of fruit in total daily, preferably one serving per meal (for example, 1 wedge of papaya at lunch and 1 small apple at dinner).
Avoid sauces, gravies and starchy soups
They may contain carbohydrates that should be taken into account towards your total daily carbohydrate intake.
Not all low GI (glycaemic index) foods are healthy choices
Beware of their fat content and calories.
Also, check out our other articles on diabetes:
Diabetes: How to Manage Blood Sugar Levels When You Fall Sick
Diabetes Diet Facts and Myths
Diabetes Foot Care: 10 Steps to Healthy Feet
Travelling with Diabetes: Tips Before You Go
Hyperglycaemia (High Blood Glucose): First Signs
Hyperglycaemia (High Blood Glucose): What to Do
Hypoglycaemia (Low Blood Glucose): Warning Signs and Symptoms
Hypoglycaemia (Low Blood Glucose) and Driving Safely