Dr Soong Yoke Lim, Deputy Chair and Senior Consultant from the Division of Radiation Oncology at National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS), answers your questions about head and neck cancers, and proton therapy treatment.
At least 800 new cases of head and neck cancers are diagnosed in Singapore yearly.
Cancers occurring in the head and neck region are categorised together as
head and neck cancers. They form a diverse group and include cancers of the skin over this region, cancers in the sinuses, nose, mouth, throat, thyroid and salivary glands.
Those at risk of head and neck cancers include:
Males over the age of 40
Those infected with cancer-causing subtypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus
Those who engage in:
a) Alcohol and tobacco use (smoking or chewing) are the two most important modifiable risk factors for head and neck cancers
b) Chewing paan (betel nut leaf)
c) High-risk sexual practices such as oral sex
Those who have had exposure to:
a) Radiation to the head and neck region
b) Occupational exposure to asbestos or synthetic fibres
To know how to do a simple self-check for head and neck cancers, read this article.
Treating cancers with proton therapy
Proton therapy is an advanced type of radiation treatment that targets cancer cells using positively charged subatomic particles called protons.
The unique physical properties of protons enable tumours to be more precisely targeted compared to the x-rays used in conventional radiotherapy.
This minimises damage to nearby healthy tissues and organs and therefore results in fewer treatment-related side effects.
NCCS is the only public healthcare institution in Singapore to offer proton therapy.
Currently, proton therapy may be appropriate for some patients for conditions such as brain tumours, head and neck cancers, lymphoma and childhood cancers.
About Dr Soong Yoke Lim
Dr Soong Yoke Lim is a Deputy Chair and Senior Consultant in the Division of Radiation Oncology at the National Cancer Centre Singapore. Dr Soong received his medical degree from the University of Melbourne in 2000. He subsequently trained at the Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Centre Singapore and underwent further training in University College London Hospital in 2007.
He subspecialises in the radiotherapy management of patients with Gynaecological and Head and Neck cancers. Dr Soong has interest in cancer survivorship and is the medical advisor for the Nasopharyngeal Cancer (Nose Cancer) Support Group at NCCS.