Sodium is essential for your body. It helps regulate fluid balance, blood volume and blood pressure. Your muscles and nerves also need sodium to work properly. However, your body needs only a small amount of sodium.

The recommended amount of sodium intake is less than 2,000mg per day, equivalent to one teaspoon (5g) of salt

Why is reducing sodium intake important?

Excess sodium acts like a sponge and retains water in your body. This, in turn, leads to an increase in blood volume and raises your blood pressure. Hence, excessive sodium intake is a key risk factor of high blood pressure, which increases the risks of stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney failure.

Studies have shown that when daily sodium intake is reduced in people who have kidney, heart and liver problems, their conditions improve.

Magdalin Cheong, Head/Deputy Director, Department of Dietetic and Food Services at Changi General Hospital (CGH), a member of the SingHealth group, shares the sodium content for common foods and seasonings.    

Sodium Content of Common Foods and Seasonings
Read next page for tips on how to reduce sodium in your diet.

Ref: N18