Move over, “BlackBerry Thumb”. There’s a new tech-induced health hazard in town – 'text neck' or 'iNeck pain'.

What is 'text neck'?

A term coined by US chiropractor Dr Dean L. Fishman, 'text neck' refers to overuse syndrome or a repetitive stress injury, where you have your head hung forward and down looking at your mobile electronic device for extended periods of time.

Indeed, as mobile technology becomes more widespread, people are spending more and more time with handheld devices like smartphones, e-readers and computer tablets. And 'text neck', which can potentially affect millions worldwide, is a growing health concern.

Symptoms of 'text neck'

When users are stuck in the unnatural posture of looking down for a prolonged period of time, it can lead to tightness across the shoulders, soreness in the neck and even chronic headaches.

That’s because the more ​​you crane your neck, the more weight it has to carry.

Dr Tan Kian Hian​, Senior Consultant at the De​partment of Anaesthesiology​ and Director of the Pain Management Centre​, Singap​ore Ge​neral Hospital​ (SGH), a member of the SingHealth​ group, explains: “When you lean your head forward away from its neutral position – when the ears and shoulders are aligned – by an inch, the weight of your head dramatically increases.”

If left untreated, a 'text neck' can lead to th​e inflammation of the neck muscles, ligaments and nerves, permanent arthritic damage, as well as increased curvature in the spine. Dr Tan adds: “This is very prevalent in our new generation of young adults who are constantly 'connected' to their mobile devices, even while walking.”

When your body is sending you a message

The good news is that there are ways to alleviate your muscular pain and discomfort before your condition gets worse. Dr Tan says: “It is possible to feel better just by making some changes to your daily posture and your lifestyle.”

Here’s what you can do:

  • ​Take frequent breaks: A “text neck” is a repetitive stress injury – it can be easily prevented by taking breaks from your mobile device every 15 minutes, looking up and bringing the neck back into the neutral position. Alternatively, hold your mobile device higher so that it’s aligned with your eyes and your neck muscles are not so taxed.
  • Embrace posture-focused exercises: Do exercises like yoga and Pilates, which focus your attention on attaining the right posture. You will become more aware of the way you use your mobile devices in this way.

When your iNeck pain has become too severe

Patients should seek medical attention if the above measures do not work. They may require a complete medical examination and if necessary, some investigations to find out what is wrong with their neck.

If there are no contraindications, some medications, such as muscle relaxants or a short course of anti-inflammatory agents, may be used to provide symptomatic relief, says Dr Tan. In some patients, the degeneration may be severe and lead to compression of nerves in the neck. This may result in “nerve pain” which will require further investigations and specialised treatment.

About the Pain Management Centre at SGH

Staffed by a team of specialists, nurses, physiotherapists and psychologists, the SGH Pain Management Centre helps patients restore function and manage chronic pain through a multi-pronged, multi-disciplinary approach.

Ref: T12​

Check out our other articles on mobile device use:

Can Your Mobile Phone and Other Everyday Items Cause Cancer?

Children Using Mobile Devices: Signs of Addiction and Tips to Prevent This

Children Using Mobile Devices: Eye Conditions to Watch Out For

How Light From Your Mobile Devices Affect Your Sleep