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Dr Vanessa Mok, Associate Consultant for Psychological Medicine, and Anuradha Kaliappan, a Senior Medical Social Worker, both from Changi General Hospital (CGH), a member of the SingHealth group, share tips on how to care for a dementia patient and prevent caregiver burnout.

Caring for people with dementia can be challenging and demanding. Caregivers can experience social isolation and physical exhaustion, as well as having to bear the financial burden of caring for someone with the disease. Feelings of frustration, anger, guilt and anxiety can set in. However, caregivers also report that the bond between them and the person with dementia deepens through care, companionship and service. Their problem-solving and relationship skills also improve, and they form new relationships by engaging in community services.

Challenges of caring for a person with dementia

  • Lack of understanding of the disease
  • Being unaware and unable to access the healthcare system
  • Lack of familiarity with available community resources
  • Negative impact on their work, marriage and family life due to caregiving duties
  • Fatigue and exhaustion
  • An “unequal” allocation of responsibility among family members
  • Differences of opinion among family members on treatment and care, and disputes
  • Unrealistic expectations on the caregiver by other family members
  • Financial burden

Stress and burnout are the most common problems experienced by caregivers. These can manifest as emotional outbursts, poor sleep, weight changes, lethargy, difficulties in concentration, and neglecting other roles and responsibilities. When caregivers experience burnout they can no longer care effectively, and this has a negative impact on both the caregiver and the person with dementia.

This is where self-care is important. Taking time to rest and recharge and seeking help and support will not only keep caregivers healthy, but also make them a better care providers.

How to avoid caregiver burnout

  • Take time out for yourself
  • Make use of community resources
  • Join a caregiver support group
  • Learn more about the disease
  • Share problems with and get support from family or friends. Family members can help give the caregiver a break by taking turns to care for their loved one
  • Community services such as dementia day care, respite care nursing home and home-based support services can help care for your loved one
  • Learn about the illness; write down your observations of the person. Keep records for quick reference when needed
  • Attend a caregiver’s training programme
  • Establish your caregiver role with health professionals
  • Start planning in advance for potentially difficult decisions
  • Tap into community resources like;;
  • Make 'me' time a priority
  • Join a support group. Share your caregiving concerns with someone you trust
  • Give yourself the credit you deserve

Services to support dementia caregivers

  • Family of Wisdom by Alzheimer’s Disease Association (ADA)
    A three-hour programme that engages people with dementia in activities. There is shared caregiving during the session, allowing caregivers to have some respite.

  • ADAcafe aims to provide purposeful therapy, job training and possible meaningful employment for caregivers.

  • Support groups in English, Mandarin and Malay for caregivers are conducted by the ADA on weekdays and Saturdays. (

  • Eldersit Respite Service
    An initiative that engages people with dementia in meaningful activities in their own home, build caregiver capabilities and offer respite to caregivers at home. (

  • Dementia Helpline 6377 0700
    For anyone who needs help or information about dementia.
    Operating hours: Monday to Friday, 9am to 6pm.

  • Person-Centred Home-Based Intervention Programme
    Set up by ADA, this programme has an occupational therapist and a social worker visit the home to assess and advise on the management of the person with dementia.

  • Caregiver training designed to support both family members and foreign domestic workers caring for people with dementia. (

  • Safe Return Card identifies a person with dementia who is lost. It has the caregiver’s contact details, so anyone who ‘finds’ the dementia patient can easily inform the carer of his/her location.

  • Dementia day care centres engage the person with dementia in meaningful activities during the day. Visit the Agency for Integrated Care’s website at Selected centres offer extended day care on Saturdays.

See the previous page for advice on how to make a home dementia friendly.

Ref: N18

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Check out other articles on dementia:

Dementia in Singapore: Fast Facts

Dementia: What You Need to Know

Dementia and Depression: Is There a Link?

Young Onset Dementia (YOD): Dementia That Affects the Young

Brain Diseases: Early Signs to Look Out For