Continued from previous page

You should always cover your mouth or nose when coughing or sneezing to avoid propagating the disease. If you suspect that you have been infected, wearing a face mask will also help prevent the virus from spreading. If you’re sick, you should stay home.

Beyond protecting others with proper cough etiquette, here’s what you can do to avoid falling sick in the first place:

How to prevent the common cold and flu

1. Wash your hands

Wash your hands with soap frequently. Both children and adults should wash hands after wiping their noses, touching door knobs or escalator railings, and using the bathroom. Keep a small bottle of hand sanitizer on your desk and in your bag.

2. Avoid contact with people who have influenza or the common cold.

Patients with chronic illnesses or a low immune system should avoid crowded places ​whenever possible, or wear a surgical mask to protect themselves.

3. Get vaccinated

Get the influenza vaccine every year.

4. Live a healthy lifestyle

Adopting measures such as a healthy diet and regular exercise. A healthy lifestyle can go a long way towards preventing sickness.

5. Manage stress levels

Manage stress better. Learn to manage psychological stress and chronic stressors (such as interpersonal problems) to reduce susceptibility to colds.

For more information on the causes and treatments for common flu and influenza, see previous page.​​

Ref: O17​​