High Cholesterol: Advice for Those at Risk
Tips to help you manage your cholesterol levels.
High cholesterol levels
can be controlled by adopting a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet and regular exercise.
Strategies to lower high cholesterol
- Those at risk of high cholesterol should stop/avoid smoking and exercise more.
- It is important to eat a balanced diet, with home-cooked meals where possible.
- People in their 40s should have their cholesterol levels checked (see table below for desirable levesl of cholesterol).
Desirable cholesterol levels
Average adult without known coronary risk factors
Adult with heart disease/diabetes/other coronary risk factors
|LDL cholesterol ||< 3.4 (130)||< 2.6 (100)|
HDL (high protein density,
or “good”) cholesterol
|= 1.0 (40)||= 1.0 (40)|
|Total cholesterol |
< 5.2 (200)
|< 4.1 (160)|
Source: Singapore Heart Foundation
- Get a blood test done earlier if there are other risk factors, such as obesity, a family history of premature death from heart attack, or a smoking habit.
- Consider taking medication if diet and exercise do not help control the risk. It is important to have a family doctor who can regularly monitor your condition to check for adverse effects, if any, which are rare.