Oculoplastic surgery is the branch of Ophthalmology that manage abnormalities of the eyelids, lacrimal (tear) system, orbit (eye socket), and parts of the face. The Oculoplastic Department from Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), a member of the SingHealth group, explains.

Surgeries are sometimes performed to treat conditions ranging from congenital malformations, age-related degeneration, trauma and tumours of the surrounding structures.

Besides functional and medical indications for treatment, many people also choose to enhance their appearance by having surgery to their eye brow, eyelid and mid-face for cosmetic reasons.

Upper eyelid blepharoplasty, for instance, can improve visual functions by removing excess upper eyelid skin therefore is a medical procedure; it can improve one’s appearance by creating a more defined upper eyelid skin crease or both.

Common oculoplastic conditions

Some of the common oculoplastic conditions are:

1. Ptosis

Ptosis is a medical term for drooping of the upper eyelid. It is commonly wear-and-tear in nature (in older people or contact lens related), although it can occur as a congenital defect, or as a result of an injury.

2. Entropion

Entropion is the in turning of eyelid margin, resulting in rubbing of eye lashes against the eye. It is usually caused by age related weakening of the eyelid structures.

4. Tearing disorders

Tears are constantly produced by the tear glands and are essential because they form a thin film that coats the front surface of the eye and prevents it from becoming dry. Excessive tearing occurs when there is an overproduction of tears or when the eyes drainage system is malfunctioning.

5. Thyroid eye disease

Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune condition related to abnormal thyroid hormone level. In Thyroid eye disease, the body’s immune system attacks the tissue surrounding the eye causing inflammation in the tissues around and behind the eye.

Treatments available

Click on the links below to learn more about the different types of oculoplastic conditions and the treatments available.

Thyroid Disease (TED): Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Droopy Eyelids Can Be Rejuvenated

What is Aesthetic Eye Surgery

Aesthetic Surgery: Eye Bags Removal

Aesthetic Surgery: High Demand for Double Eyelids


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Ref: L20