Continued from previous page.​

Foods to include in your diet as a cancer patient:

Experts at the Outpatient Pharmacy​, National Cancer Centre Sin​gapore (NCCS), a member of the SingHealth​ group, advise patients to eat the right foods before, during and after treatment.​​​

Vegetables

  • Tomatoes, carr​ots, peas, pumpkin and turnips for vitamins and fibre
  • Tomatoes, tomato puree and parsley (especially good for prostate cancer patients)
  • Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage contain plant chemicals that can convert bad oestrogen into good oestrogen, and hence reduce cancer risk as well as the risk of a relapse
  • Asparagus and Brussel sprouts for their rich antioxidants
  • Bitter gourd for lowering blood sugar levels
  • Green leafy vegetables for calcium and iron

Fruits

  • Oranges provide vitamin C
  • Bananas, kiwi, peaches, mangoes, pears and strawberries for vitamins and fibre
  • Avocadoes, guava, apricots, figs, prunes and raisins for energy

Proteins

  • Lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, tauhu and taukwa
  • Dairy products, nuts, dried beans, dhals and chickpeas
  • Fish and soy foods (especially good for prostate cancer patients)

Carbohydrates

  • Rice, noodles, chapatti, wholegrain bread and pasta
  • Wholegrain crackers, oats, corn, potatoes, beans and dairy products
  • Honey, consumed in moderation for its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties which may help in preventing infections

Foods to avoid as a cancer patient

  • Deep fried, grilled, barbequed, baked meats since subjecting animal protein to high heat creates carcinogenic byproducts called heterocyclic amines
  • Excessive intake of salt, sug​ar, and oily foods
  • Red meat and processed meats such as bacon, ham, sausages
  • Preserved foods like pickles, jams, kiam chye (salted mustard green), and century eggs as they contain nitrites which are carcinogeni
  • Minimise alcohol

Additionally, cancer patients should avoid excessive intake of vitamin supplements, as they act as antioxidants and can interfere with chemotherapy when taken in large doses.

See previous page to find out why cancer patients​ should have ​​a balanced diet​.

Ref: P16