Continued

Foods to include in your diet as a cancer patient:

Experts at the National Cancer Centre Sin​gapore (NCCS), a member of the SingHealth​ group, advise patients to eat the right foods before, during and after treatment.​​​

Vegetables

  • Tomatoes, carrots, peas, pumpkin and turnips for vitamins and fibre
  • Tomatoes, tomato puree and parsley (especially good for prostate cancer patients)
  • Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage contain plant chemicals that can convert bad oestrogen into good oestrogen, and hence reduce cancer risk as well as the risk of a relapse
  • Asparagus and Brussel sprouts for their rich antioxidants
  • Bitter gourd for lowering blood sugar levels
  • Green leafy vegetables for calcium and iron

Fruits

  • Oranges provide vitamin C
  • Bananas, kiwi, peaches, mangoes, pears and strawberries for vitamins and fibre
  • Avocadoes, guava, apricots, figs, prunes and raisins for energy

Proteins

  • Lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, tauhu and taukwa
  • Dairy products, nuts, dried beans, dhals and chickpeas
  • Fish and soy foods (especially good for prostate cancer patients)

Carbohydrates

  • Rice, noodles, chapatti, wholegrain bread and pasta
  • Wholegrain crackers, oats, corn, potatoes, beans and dairy products
  • Honey, consumed in moderation for its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties which may help in preventing infections

Foods to avoid as a cancer patient

  • Deep fried, grilled, barbequed, baked meats since subjecting animal protein to high heat creates carcinogenic byproducts called heterocyclic amines
  • Excessive intake of salt, sug​ar, and oily foods
  • Red meat and processed meats such as bacon, ham, sausages
  • Preserved foods like pickles, jams, kiam chye (salted mustard green), and century eggs as they contain nitrites which are carcinogeni
  • Minimise alcohol

Additionally, cancer patients should avoid excessive intake of vitamin supplements, as they act as antioxidants and can interfere with chemotherapy when taken in large doses.

Ref: P16