Reduce your risk of heart disease by living a healthy lifestyle. The Department of Cardiology from National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS) shares ways that women can manage and prevent heart disease.
Continued from previous page.
Article contributed by the
Department of Cardiology from
National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), a member of the
Diagnosis and treatment for heart disease in women
Women should go for regular screenings to check for potential risk factors such as diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels or high blood pressure.
Tests such as an electrocardiogram; cardiac stress test which can include an ultrasound or nuclear imaging test; computed tomography scan (CT scan), and a coronary angiogram may be carried out to detect heart disease.
Patients who are diagnosed with heart disease will be advised to take medication to relieve their symptoms and to reduce their risk of future heart attacks.
Those with more severe disease may have to undergo treatment to “unblock” their arteries either by placing metal stents (“spring-like” devices that act as “scaffolding”) in their coronary arteries, or they may have to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG).
Preventing heart disease in women
Heart disease is preventable, and women should take action to reduce their risk of heart disease by:
Eating healthily and maintaining a normal weight
Getting their blood pressure and cholesterol levels checked
Following the doctor’s advice and taking their medication regularly.
These protective lifestyle factors have been shown to markedly decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease for women in Singapore. Women who already suffer from cardiovascular disease can lower their risk of having a heart attack by up to 80 per cent by leading a healthy lifestyle.
See previous page for the
symptoms and risk factors of heart attacks in women.