Weight reduction and maintenance of type 2 diabetes

Keeping your weight within the normal weight range or achieving a significant weight loss is recommended particularly if you have type 2 diabetes. A great number of individuals are overweight when they are newly-diagnosed. The extra fat increases insulin resistance, making it difficult for your body to utilize insulin effectively.

“Losing just 5 to 10% of your weight can help you lower your blood glucose levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as well as HbA1c,” says Ms Kala Adaikan, Senior Principal Dietitian, at the Department of Dietetics, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), a member of the SingHealth​ group. Losing weight and eating healthier can have profound effects on yo​ur overall mood and sense of wellbeing.

Factors affecting your meal plan for weight loss

The exact amount of calories that individuals with diabetes should consume depends on a number of factors including:

  1. age,
  2. gender,
  3. ​activity level,
  4. current weight,
  5. weight history and
  6. other pre-existing comorbidities.

Your dietitian can help you fine tune the ideal caloric target for you to achieve a sustainable weight loss while managing your blood glucose levels.

Avoid making drastic changes to your meal plan on your own

Attempting to do drastic adjustments to your total caloric intake, including carbohydrate intake without proper guidance, may result in undesirable blood glucose levels, including hypoglycaemia.

As such, a weight redu​cing diet plan should ideally be planned under supervision.​

See previous page for information on basic and advanced carbohydrate counting for people with diabetes

See next page to learn how alcohol affects you when you have diabetes​.

Ref: O17